“This is not a Material
Safety Data Sheet but rather a Reference Data Sheet that has been
compiled from a number of sources, and is intended to be a concise,
relatively non-technical source of information on a particular
material or category of materials. It is provided in good faith
and is believed to be correct as of the date compiled; however,
Unsafe Home makes no representation as to the comprehensiveness
or accuracy of the information. It is expected that individuals
receiving the information will exercise their independent judgment
in determining its appropriateness for a particular purpose. Accordingly,
Unsafe Home will not be responsible for damages of any kind resulting
from the use of or reliance upon such information.”
Can include phenol
and formaldehyde. Did you know that
most air fresheners do not freshen the air, but rather cover up
the offensive odor with a more pleasant one? Or, actually interfere
with your ability to smell by releasing a nerve-deadening agent
or coating your nasal passages with an undetectable oil film?
Are commonly found in bleach,
ammonia automatic dishwashing detergent,
low phosphate detergents, drain cleaners, oven cleaners, lime,
color wave hair preparations, depilatories, alkaline disk batteries,
Clinitest tablets for home glucose testing, and wet cement. Alkalies,
also called bases, all have a pH range of 7.1 to 14.0. The corrosive
effects of alkaline chemicals usually occur rapidly, sometimes
with exposures as short as one second. Severe skin irritation
and burns can occur from skin contact. Inhalation of fumes from
alkalies may cause watering of the eyes,
sneezing, coughing, choking, shortness of breath, and inflammation
and irritation from the nose to lungs.
Is strongly fibrogenic [fibrogenic (fi•bro•gen•ic)
(fi?bro-jen?ik) conducive to the development of fibers.]. Metallic
aluminum dust may cause nodular lung fibrosis, interstitial lung
fibrosis, and emphysema as indicated in animal experimentation,
and effects appear to be correlated to particle size of the dust30;
however, when exposure to aluminum dusts have been studied in
man, most exposures have been found to be to other chemicals as
well as aluminum. http://www.meridianeng.com/aluminum.html
Is a poison. It can cause rashes, redness
and chemical burns. Being very volatile, its fumes are extremely
irritating to lungs and can be especially harmful to anyone with
respiratory problems, especially children. It can also cause severe
Potential Health Effects
- Ammonia is very
alkaline and reacts corrosively with all body tissues. Inhalation: Corrosive.
Extremely destructive to tissues of the mucous membranes and upper
respiratory tract. Symptoms may include burning sensation, coughing,
wheezing, laryngitis, shortness of breath, headache, nausea and
vomiting. Inhalation may be fatal as a result of spasm inflammation
and edema of the larynx and bronchi, chemical pneumonitis and
pulmonary edema. Ingestion: Corrosive.
Swallowing can cause severe burns of the mouth, throat, and stomach,
leading to death. Can cause sore throat, vomiting, diarrhea. Skin Contact: Dermal
contact with alkaline corrosives may produce pain, redness, severe
irritation or full thickness burns. May be absorbed through the
skin with possible systemic effects. Eye Contact: Corrosive.
Can cause blurred vision, redness, pain, severe tissue burns and
eye damage. Eye exposure may result in temporary or permanent
blindness. Chronic Exposure:
Prolonged or repeated skin exposure may
cause dermatitis. Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause eye,
liver, kidney, or lung damage. Incompatibilities: Ammonia (anhydrous)
is incompatible with mercury, chlorine,
calcium hypochlorite, hydrofluoric acid (anhydrous), bromine pentaflouride,
chlorine trifluoride, chloroformates,
strong acids, strong oxidizing agents, brass, zinc, aluminum,
copper, bronze, most common metals and dimethyl sulfate. Corrosive
to copper, zinc and many metal surfaces. Reacts with hypochlorite
or other halogen sources to form explosive compounds that are
sensitive to pressure or increases in temperature. Reaction with
sulfuric acid or other strong mineral acids is exothermic; mixture
becomes boiling hot. Conditions to Avoid:
Heat, direct sunlight, incompatibles.
Main Entry: asth·ma
Pronunciation: 'az-m&, British 'as-
Etymology: Middle English asma, from Medieval Latin, modification
of Greek asthma
: a condition often of allergic origin that is marked by continuous
or paroxysmal labored breathing accompanied by wheezing, by a
sense of constriction in the chest, and often by attacks of coughing
Making Informed Decisions: why it is important to know what's
in the products you use
Of the thousands of chemicals used in the manufacture of consumer
products, a relative few are actually found as ingredients in
the final formulation. While most chemicals are of little concern,
a handful of toxic chemicals may be responsible for causing a
number of avoidable human health effects.
There is value in knowing about the hazards of these chemicals,
even if you never experience an adverse reaction, or the concentration
of the chemical in the product is too low to be of major concern.
Regardless of how dilute or infrequently used a product is, consumers
have the right to know what is in the products they use. Without
this information the consumer is unable to make an informed decision
about continuing the use of those products with toxic ingredients.
It is the toxic ingredients in some consumer products that may
be at the root of a host of common yet vague symptoms such as
fatigue, headache, sinus irritation, sore throat and more. Because
so many products may cause these symptoms, some people may experience
persistent symptoms that can be significantly relieved or eliminated
by the simple act of eliminating the use of these products.
One of the great myths about consumer products is that there
are laws and regulations that prevent hazardous products from
reaching the market; that products available to the public are
tested and deemed safe for consumer use. This is only partially
The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is a 5 member panel
responsible for overseeing over 15,000 types of consumer products,
not including food, drugs, cosmetics, pesticides, automobiles,
medical devices, certain radioactive materials and products that
emit radiation (e.g. microwave ovens). Because of this huge number
of products, the CPSC must rely on manufacturers to voluntarily
comply with federal consumer product safety laws. These laws include
the Consumer Product Safety Act, the Federal Hazardous Substances
Act, and the Poison Prevention Packaging Act.
The primary role of the CPSC is to protect consumers from products
that are known to cause injury when used in the way they are intended
by the population for whom the product is aimed. There must be
a clear cause and effect relationship. By law the CPSC may not
publicly raise concern about the safety of a product without substantive
evidence that a product poses a significant danger to the public.
For this the CPSC relies on adverse reaction or injury reports
filed by the public.
The CPSC does not test products as a matter of course; manufacturers
are expected to make sure their products either are not hazardous,
or if hazardous they are labeled properly. Manufacturers are not
required to have their products reviewed prior to offering it
for sale to the public. The CPSC may investigate reports of injury
caused by consumer products and take appropriate action as warranted,
but rarely do they initiate their own investigations.
For many products -- particularly those used around the home
as cleaners -- manufacturers are allowed to protect their formulations
as proprietary and thus are not required to list ingredients on
their labels; however, if there are hazards associated with the
product then basic safe handling information must be provided.
Products are considered hazardous if they meet the criteria outlined
in the Federal Hazardous Substances Act:
(f) The term ''hazardous substance'' means:
(A) Any substance or mixture of substances which (i) is toxic,
(ii) is corrosive, (iii) is an irritant, (iv) is a strong sensitizer,
(v) is flammable or combustible, or (vi) generates pressure through
decomposition, heat, or other means, if such substances or mixture
of substances may cause substantial personal injury or substantial
illness during or as a proximate result of any customary or reasonably
foreseeable handling or use, including reasonably foreseeable
ingestion by children [emphasis added. It is important to note
that there is no definition for the term 'substantial.'].
(g) The term ''toxic'' shall apply to any substance (other than
a radioactive substance) which has the capacity to produce personal
injury or illness to man through ingestion, inhalation, or absorption
through any body surface.
The absence of health and safety data does not exonerate a chemical.
Of the some 80-100,000 chemicals used in manufacture, only a fraction
have been tested for safety, and an even smaller number have been
studied extensively. Additionally, because there are so many possible
combinations of chemicals, very little is known about the effects
of chemical mixtures, although there is some research which shows
that the effects of mixtures can not always be predicted by evaluating
the effects of the individual ingredients (that is to say, some
mixtures may be far more toxic than the individual ingredients
themselves because one ingredient may change the properties of
another ingredient, making it more easily absorbed by the body.
For example, a chemical that may have a lower toxicity via the
inhalation route because it does not readily evaporate, may become
more toxic by inhalation when combined with another chemical,
such as alcohol, that makes it evaporate more easily).
This lack of knowledge makes it difficult to assess the true
health risk associated with common consumer products. It is generally
assumed that exposures to the hazardous substances will be low
under 'customary handling or use' because most people are only
using these products for a short period of time. This assumption
does not take into account that many products evaporate into the
air, are absorbed into porous surfaces and textiles, or used in
combination with other products. Also, it may not take into account
that particles of the product are aerosolized during use, making
them more readily evaporated into the air. Further, it does not
take into account that most modern homes do not have adequate
fresh air inflow, and as a result the indoor air may be as much
as 10 times more polluted than outdoor air. What this means is
that cessation of use of a product does not necessarily equal
cessation of exposure to the ingredients when a product is used
indoors without full ventilation.
Since it is so difficult to assess the true health risk associated
with consumer products, the next best option is to review the
health effects of the ingredients and make the assumption that
the product is at least as toxic as its most toxic ingredient.
In the scientific world this would be an unreasonable assumption,
but in the real world the lack of data leaves the consumer with
When evaluating the toxicity of a chemical, it must be understood
that exposure to a chemical does not automatically mean that a
person will experience the listed symptoms of exposure. In fact,
most healthy adults will notice little, if any effect because
the body has developed a rather efficient system for eliminating
foreign chemicals before they have a chance to cause symptoms.
But not everybody is equal in their ability to fend off the effects
of chemicals, and some chemicals (alcohols, for example) affect
nearly everybody regardless of health. In those cases the degree
to which symptoms are experienced is the variable.
The more susceptible populations include:
· People with allergies
· Pregnant women
· People with chronic disease in any organ (lungs, liver,
· Cancer patients
· People with migraines or ASTHMA
People with allergies, regardless of the allergen, are more sensitive
to irritants because allergy reactions produce a protein called
'nerve growth factor' which in turn makes nerve cells more sensitive
to irritation from chemicals and particulates. [Read more about
it]. Virtually every toxic chemical used in consumer products
is an irritant in one way or another.
Children are more susceptible to the toxic effects of chemicals
for several reasons. First, their bodies are not as well developed
as adults, and their organs responsible for detoxification are
not as efficient. Second, their smaller size means that it will
take less of an exposure for their system to be overwhelmed. Finally,
their proximity to the floor and frequent hand-to-mouth activity
increases the likelihood that they will be more heavily exposed
to chemicals that have settled into carpets, on furnishings and
Pregnant women are not necessarily more susceptible because of
their pregnancy, but their child may be exposed to chemicals that
cross the placental barrier, and that exposure may increase the
potential for fetal harm. Most organic solvents are capable of
crossing the placental barrier, but one of the greatest concerns
for pregnant women are products containing alcohol. Even if the
mother is simply inhaling alcohol fumes, her child may still be
affected as if she had consumed an alcoholic drink.
People who have chronic disease in any of the major detoxification
organs (i.e. liver, kidneys) are more susceptible to the effects
of toxic chemicals because their detox pathways are not working
as efficiently as people with healthy organs. As a result, chemicals
in the bloodstream of these individuals will remain in their blood
for a longer period of time and will thus have a greater likelihood
of producing an adverse effect. The hidden issue here is that
the body's most important detoxification organ, the liver, can
lose as much as 70% of normal function before symptoms of liver
disease surface. This means that there may be many individuals
who are unaware that they may have malfunctioning detoxification
Cancer patients are more susceptible to the effects of chemicals
because their bodies are simply overwhelmed by the disease process
and the treatments used to slow the progression of their disease.
People with migraines, ASTHMA
or other chronic neurological or respiratory problems are generally
more susceptible to certain effects of some chemicals, though
there can be a variation of susceptibilities among individuals.
For some the irritating component may be a factor, while for others
the central nervous system effects may cause a reaction.
There is a great deal of variation of adverse effects caused
by toxic chemicals, but fortunately most of the effects are generally
reversible when exposures are kept to a minimum. Totally healthy
individuals are not likely to have permanent health consequences
as a result of judicious and careful use of consumer products
around the home, but for people who are particularly susceptible
to adverse effects--and that may be a larger proportion of the
population than one would think--even conservative use of toxic
products may have long term consequences.
The good news is that there are simple ways to reduce exposure
to toxic chemicals around the home. Many products have low or
non-toxic alternatives, both on the market or made in the kitchen.
And for those products that simply can't be replaced in any practical
fashion, good ventilation and cautious use can go a long way towards
Knowing what is in the products you use not only makes you a
better consumer, it also makes you better able to identify and
eliminate products that might be contributing to your unexplained
symptoms. In this case, knowledge is definitely a powerful ally.
Is a colorless liquid with
a sweet odor. It evaporates into the air very quickly and dissolves
slightly in water. It is highly flammable and is formed from both
natural processes and human activities.
is widely used in the United States; it ranks in the top 20 chemicals
for production volume. Some industries use benzene
to make other chemicals which are used to make plastics, resins,
and nylon and synthetic fibers. Benzene
is also used to make some types of rubbers, lubricants, dyes,
detergents, drugs, and pesticides. Natural sources of benzene
include volcanoes and forest fires. Benzene
is also a natural part of crude oil, gasoline, and cigarette smoke.
is an aromatic hydrocarbon that is produced by the burning of
natural products. It is a component of products derived from coal
and petroleum and is found in gasoline and other fuels. Benzene
is used in the manufacture of plastics, detergents, pesticides,
and other chemicals. Research has shown benzene
to be a carcinogen (cancer causing). With exposures from less
than 5 years to more than 30 years, individuals have developed,
and died from, leukemia. Long-term exposure may affect bone marrow
and blood production. Short-term exposure to high levels of benzene
can cause drowsiness, dizziness, unconsciousness, and death. The
current permissible exposure level is 1 part per million (ppm)
in air for an 8 hour average with a short-term exposure limit
of 5 ppm. Benzene can also be absorbed
through the skin. http://www.toxictorts.com/benzene.htm
Sodium Hypochlorite Liquid household bleaches
are approximately 5% sodium hypochlorite solutions. Household
bleach is an irritant and may cause skin,
eye, and respiratory tract irritation. Dermatitis may result from
direct skin contact. Ingestion of a few ounces or more of bleach
may result in medical complications. DO NOT mix bleach
with acids! Mixing household bleach with
acids such as vinegar, ammonia, toilet
bowl cleaners; and drain cleaners produces chloramine gas which
can result in burning of mucous membranes and chemical pneumonia.
If you use "fresh scented" bleach
be aware that it may mask your natural ability to nasally detect
overexposure to the bleach product. According
to Susan Boothby, an attorney from Denver..."We have a special
concern with the use of chlorine (found
in laundry bleaches and other cleaners). Whenever chlorine
is used, organochlorides are formed. Organocholrides are precursors
to dioxins, a deadly class of compounds that cause toxic health
effects at levels thousands of times lower than most other chemicals.
Dioxins do not break down in the environment and they accumulate
in human tissue. Anything bleached with chlorine
has organochloride residues. A new EPA draft report on the dangers
of dioxin warns for the first time that even trace amounts can
cause serious health problems including birth defects, genetic
mutations, threats to the immune and reproductive systems, damage
to the liver, kidneys and skin and even cancer."
The active ingredient is usually perchloroethylene,
which is a known human carcinogen. Immediate effects can be light-headedness,
dizziness, sleepiness, nausea, and disorientation. Long term exposure
may result in damage to the liver or central nervous system. May
also contain naphthalene which according a chemical dictionary
is "toxic by inhalation" and is suspected of causing
cancer. Sometimes contains ammonia.
Is toxic as a skin irritant
and by inhalation. The greatest danger is when chlorine
is mixed with other products, especially ammonia
or vinegar. LOOK AT BLEACH
Most of these compounds can
affect the central nervous system, liver, and kidneys. Most also
will defat the skin causing dermatitis, and are irritating to the
skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. Some can be absorbed through intact
skin, and several are suspected or known to cause cancers. Several
can cause rapid and erratic heartbeats. A summary of some of the
properties is shown. http://www.meridianeng.com/chlorina.html
Chlorinated Scouring Powder:
Contains chlorinebleach. When mixed with water produces chlorine
fumes. When mixed with ammonia produces chlorine
fumes which can be deadly! For example, ammonia
is not listed on many all-purpose cleaning products, so you may
not be aware and use it in the toilet bowl and then sprinkle in
some scouring powder with it----Watch out!!
A highly caustic, colorless
solid or liquid with a sweet tarry odor, is used mainly as a disinfectant.
Cresol is very corrosive to all tissues. When
it comes in contact with the skin it may not produce any burning
sensation immediately. Prickling and intense burning will occur
followed by loss of feeling. If cresol contacts
the eyes it may cause extensive damage. Cresol
vapors and liquids are absorbed through inhalation and eye and skin
contact. Repeated or prolonged exposure to low concentrations of
cresol can produce chronic systemic poisoning.
Symptoms of poisoning include vomiting, difficulty in swallowing,
diarrhea, loss of appetite, headache, fainting, dizziness, mental
disturbance and skin rash. Cresol attacks
the central nervous system, respiratory system, liver, kidneys,
skin and eyes.
Household cleaning products
which are based on non-soap, synthetic surfactants and which are
primarily used for laundering and dishwashing. There are several
types of detergents including automatic dishwashing, hand dishwashing,
enzyme, and low-phosphate detergents. All detergents contain "cationic,"
"anionic," or "non- ionic" detergents. Cationic
detergents are the most toxic when taken internally. Symptoms from
ingestion include nausea, vomiting, shock, convulsions, and coma
as quickly as one to four hours after ingestion, due to rapid absorption.
By themselves, anionic detergents have low toxicity causing mild,
local irritation of skin and eyes. But the addition of "builders"
to anionic detergents is common and makes anionic detergents alkaline
and caustic. Non ionic detergents have low toxicity. At most, mild
irritation of the skin and mucous membranes occurs. Ingestion causes
no hazardous effects. Some typical nonionic detergents are alkyl
aryl polyether sulfates, alcohol sulfonates, alkyl phenol
polyglycol ethers, and polyethylene glycol alkyl aryl ethers. Detergents
are responsible for many household poisonings. Part of the problem
is that detergent boxes are brightly colored and attractive and
commonly stored in low, accessible places. There is a common misconception
that low-phosphate detergents are "safe." While low phosphate
detergents are safer to the environment, they are 100 to 1000 times
more caustic than phosphate detergents. This means that low-phosphate
detergents can cause serious burns if even a small amount is ingested.
Since powdered granules are more difficult to accidentally swallow,
powdered rather than liquid detergents may be a safer choice if
you have small children in the home. All detergents should be carefully
stored well away from the reach of children.
Most contain chlorine
in a dry format that, when it comes in contact with water in the
dishwasher, releases chlorine fumes into
the air that leak out into the kitchen. Dishwasher liquids often
From the labels- WARNING! Contains flammable
propellants. Can burn the skin and cause permanent corneal damage
(eye damage.) Fumes can strongly irritate the nose, throat and lungs.
From the Material Safety Data Sheets - Disinfectant cleaners contain
– phenol, 2-butoxy ethanol,
formaldehyde. Potential harms include
cancer, CNS disorders (central nervous system), liver damage, reproductive
disorder, kidney damage
Some rubbing alcohols contain ethanol
(Isopropyl alcohol), also known as isopropanol, is a colorless liquid
with a pleasant odor. It is highly flammable. Isopropyl alcohol
is found in alcohol sponges, cleaning agents, and rubbing alcohol,
and is a good disinfectant. Most rubbing alcohol contains 70% isopropyl
alcohol. Poisoning can occur through skin absorption, oral ingestion,
or inhalation. Symptoms from ingestion, inhalation or absorption
of large quantities include flushing, headache, dizziness, mental
depression, nausea, vomiting, anesthesia, and coma. Alcohol baths
or sponges to soothe a fever can lead to acute poisoning through
skin absorption or inhalation. Instead, the Regional Poison Center
suggests using tepid water as a sponge bath to fight fever.
Endocrine disruptors (hormone disruptors,
xenoestrogens) are substances that are capable of interfering with
hormones by mimicking them, blocking them or otherwise changing
normal hormone behavior. Endocrine disruptors can cause harm to
a number of systems in the body.
Reported short-term effects
of inhalation of formaldehyde gas include
bronchitis, pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs), inflammation of
the lungs and respiratory tract, pneumonia, and respiratory failure
resulting in death. Lower concentrations (2 - 3 ppm) can cause tingling
of the nose and back of the throat, but tolerance to higher concentrations
can occur in some individuals. Most people can tolerate 4 - 5 ppm
for up to 30 minutes, but after that time period discomfort increases.
Breathing becomes difficult at 10 - 20 ppm. Serious injury is likely
to occur with brief exposures to 50 - 100 ppm, which could cause
edema (fluid build-up) in the lungs, inflammation of the lungs,
and death. Pulmonary edema can develop several hours after exposure
to these high concentrations. The National Institute for Occupational
Safety and Health (NIOSH) has established a tentative IDLH (Immediately
Dangerous to Life and Health) value of 30 ppm. This means that exposure
to that concentration for thirty minutes or more could result in
permanent injury or death. http://www.meridianeng.com/formalde.html
Many contain phenol,
chlorine and also cresol
which are easily absorbed through the skin and mucous membranes
of the respiratory tract. It can also damage liver, kidneys, lungs,
pancreas, and spleen and affect the central nervous system resulting
in depression, hyperactivity and irritability. Many use disinfectants
when someone is ill, just when the sick person is the most vulnerable
to toxic effects.
A substance that kills anthropods,
such as hard shelled insects, spiders, millipedes and scorpions.
Integrated Pest Management:
A systemic approach to pest
control which relies on prevention, identification and control by
the least harmful means, such as biological controls, first before
moving on to more toxic methods.
For food items, exposure
to ionizing radiation can kill harmful bacteria and disease-causing
parasites. Surgical tools are irradiated to sterilize them. While
not a common practice yet in the U.S., irradiation is currently
approved for use on meat, poultry, wheat flour, white potatoes,
herbs, spices, fruits and vegetables.
Can contain many caustic chemicals, residues
left in clothing, sheets and towels can cause severe skin rashes.
The link between adverse health effects
and lead exposure may be difficult to discover
initially when symptoms are common ailments such as upset stomach
or fatigue. It is desirable to control environmental exposure
to lead so that entry of this contaminant
into the body is minimized and likewise the risk of lead-related
Uptake and Body Burden Lead can be initially
absorbed by two primary routes: inhalation (breathing) and ingestion
(eating). Through either route, lead enters
the bloodstream and therefore can be distributed to various organs
and body tissues. Most of the lead absorbed
is deposited in bones (90%) and may be released over time. Lead
that passes through tissues and organs can be excreted in urine,
bile, kidney stones, hair and nails. Lead
that is not excreted but stays in organs and tissue can cause
disease over time. The most common procedure to measure a person's
lead intake after exposure is through blood
testing. However, blood lead alone does not
provide information on total body burden which would include lead
deposited in bones, organs and tissue. Blood lead
level at any given time is an indication of lead
exposure at some point in the past. Blood lead
is a good indicator of recent lead absorption
if anemia is not present and chelating agents for lead
removal have not been taken.
A very small amount of lead
absorption can elicit immediate adverse health effects both in
adults and children; however, the same amount of lead
absorption in infants and children can be especially harmful to
them because of their rapidly developing nervous systems. http://www.meridianeng.com/lead.html
(sodium hydroxide or potassium hypochlorite) cleans by a chemical
reaction that burns or eats away other substances. Caustics also
wear out your clothes faster and dull the fabric’s colors.
Lye, also known as caustic soda, sodium hydroxide,
potassium hydroxide, and caustic potash, is commonly used in drain
cleaner, oven cleaner, and in some nonphosphate detergents. Lye
is extremely caustic. Its chemical action eats away materials
(including skin tissue). Contact with skin or mucous membranes
causes burns and frequently deep ulcerations with scarring. Mists,
vapors, and dust can cause small burns. Eye contact causes severe
damage, including blindness. Use: Caustic products containing
lye should be properly labeled with the words
"Danger" and "Poison" to indicate their dangerous
nature. Lye-based liquids usually contain a
warning to avoid squeezing the container, but carelessness could
lead to a disfiguring splash on the skin or
a blinding squirt in the eye. Products that contain lye
in a pellet form sometimes require you to measure a spoonful out
of an opening which is too small for a spoon to fit. This situation
is very hazardous because lye-based pellets
are easily spilled as one pours the product from the container
onto the spoon. Be extremely careful when using lye-based
products. Wear gloves and goggles in addition to protecting exposed
skin. Avoid fumes by using only under conditions where adequate
ventilation exists. Immediately wipe up spilled lye
and wash off with plenty of water.
INFORMATION - Acute Health Effects:
The following acute (short term) health effects may occur immediately
or shortly after exposure to Sodium Hydroxide:
causes very severe burns of the eyes which can cause permanent
* Contact can cause severe skin
* Breathing Sodium Hydroxide
can irritate the mouth, nose, and throat. Exposure to higher
levels may irritate the lungs, causing coughing and/or shortness
of breath. Still higher exposure can cause a buildup of fluid
in the lungs (pulmonary edema). This can cause death.
Chronic Health Effects
The following chronic (long term) health effects can occur
at some time after exposure to Sodium Hydroxide and can last
for months or years:
* According to the information
presently available to the New Jersey Department of Health,
Sodium Hydroxide has not been tested for its ability to cause
cancer in animals.
* According to the information
presently available to the New Jersey Department of Health,
Sodium Hydroxide has not been tested for its ability to adversely
Other Long Term Effects
* Very irritating substances
may affect the lungs. It is not known whether Sodium Hydroxide
causes lung damage.
The purpose of a Material
Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) is to inform industrial purchasers and
users of hazardous chemicals of the reasonably foreseeable physical
and chemical hazards that may arise from the use of those chemicals.
Most materials packaged for consumer use are exempt from the requirements
of the Hazard Communication Standard (HCS). The MSDS should include
precautions for normal use, handling, storage, disposal, and spill
cleanup. It should not include recommendations for protective measures
that are more strict than needed. OSHA states, in the inspection
procedures for the HCS. "Some MSDSs include recommendations
for protective measures that are for 'worst case scenarios,' e.g.,
recommending supplied air suits for products of relatively low toxicity.
The HCS requires that accurate information be provided on the MSDSs.
This applies as much to 'overwarning' on the MSDS and label as well
as the absence of information ('underwarning')." http://www.meridianeng.com/msds.html
The U.S. Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA)
requires manufacturers and importers of hazardous chemicals to distribute
Material Safety Data Sheets to purchasers or users of the chemicals
upon request. MSDS contain information about hazards of the product,
how to use the product safely, what to expect if the recommendations
are not followed, what to do if accidents occur, how to recognize
symptoms of overexposure, and what to do if such incidents occur.
An assortment of toxic chemicals with un-pronounceable
names like Nitrilotriacetic Acid (NTA). The Merck Index refers to
NTA as a “substance we may reasonably anticipate to be a carcinogen
(cancer causing substance.) Amazingly it is still allowed in our
Many chemicals used in consumer products
can be released as fumes, or gases. The process is called "offgassing."
These gases can become trapped indoors and levels can increase in
concentration over time if there is poor ventilation. These gases
can also resolidify as particles that settle onto surfaces and floors,
where they may be picked up on hands and then ingested accidentally.
Some products, such as carpets and particleboard, may offgas for
many months, while others, such as paints, offgas only when wet.
Is suspected to cause cancer and when it
comes in contact with skin can cause it to swell, peel, and burn
or break out in hives and may cause death with a prolonged exposure.
Even a small amount taken internally can cause circulatory collapse,
convulsions, cold sweats, coma and death!
Phenol, also known as carbolic acid, is flammable,
corrosive, and very toxic. Phenolic compounds have a distinct odor
and are used in disinfectants, deodorizers, paints, and as anesthetic
for skin. Ingestion of even small amounts may cause vomiting, circulatory
collapse, paralysis, convulsions, and coma. Light sensitivity and
sinus congestion are common with exposure to fluids or vapors. Fatal
poising can occur through skin absorption. Phenol
and related compounds rapidly denature all proteins they come in
contact with, including skin. Severe burns may occur upon contact.
A concentration of 1% phenol, used to prevent itching
from insect bites and sunburn, applied over several hours, was reported
to cause gangrene in one individual. Skin ulcerations, skin rashes,
swelling, pimples, and hives have been widely reported. The anesthetic
properties of phenols can allow extensive damage
to skin tissue before pain is perceived. Although there have been
many poisonings from phenolic solutions, phenol
continues to be used in consumer products.
Phosphorus a fertilizer that causes algae to grow and depletes
oxygen out of the water.)
Why do they use them in laundry detergents? Because they soften
the water and enhance performance. Phosphates
are one of the contributors the resulted to virtual death of Lake
Erie in the 1970’s. It also contributed to the ruining of
Cascade Reservoir in Idaho.
IS A LIST OF KNOWN TOXINS IN SOME OF OUR EVERYDAY PRODUCTS:
Dove Beauty Bar:
Quaternium 15: Formaldehyde-Carcinogen.
Causes cancer, dermatitis, neurotoxic, sensitizer-poisonious, irritant
to the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes.
Butylated Hydroxytoluene, (BHT) Carcinogen.
Johnson's Baby Shampoo:
Quaternium 15: FD&C RED 40: Carcinogen,
and causes dermatitis.
Crest Tarter Control Toothpaste:
Saccharin: Carcinogen, contains Phenol
Fluoride: Carcinogen. If you accidentally swallow more than a pea-sized
amount of this, you must contact the Poison Control Center immediately.
This warning does not appear on the tube.
Tide & Cheer Detergent:
cause temporary respiratory tract irritation. Symptoms include stinging,
swelling, or redness.
Sodium Silicate: Can
be corrosive. Can cause burns to the eyes and tissue damage to the
skin, as well as cause burns to the mouth, throat, and stomach if
Sodium Sulfate: Corrosive,
Severe eye, skin, and respiratory irritant. Can cause asthma attacks.
Trisodium Nitrilotriacetate: Carcinogen
Clorox: Sodium Hypochlorite:
be fatal if swallowed. Eye, skin, and respiratory irritant. Especially
hazardous to people with heart conditions or asthma.
Cascade: Sodium Hypochlorite:
Sodium Silicate: Can
be corrosive. Can cause burns to the eyes and tissue damage to the
skin, as well as cause burns to the mouth, throat, and stomach if
The New York Poison Control
Center reports that 85% of product warning labels were either
inadequate or incorrect for identifying a poison, and for first
Formaldehyde, phenol, benzene,
toluene, xylene are found in common household cleaners, cosmetics,
beverages, fabrics and cigarette smoke. These chemicals are cancer
causing and toxic to the immune system.
There has been a call from
the U.S./ Canadian Commission to ban bleach in North America.
Bleach is being linked to the rising rates of breast cancer in
women, reproductive problems in men and learning and behavioral
problems in children.